The concepts and definitions of some important terms used in the 7th AISES are as follows
Innovative Education (AIE) Centres
The centres set up for very specific, difficult groups of ‘out of school’ children for mainstreaming or otherwise, under the AIE component of the EGS & AIE scheme, are termed as Alternative & Innovative Education Centers. Some of the examples of AIE Centres are seasonal hostels for migrating children, condensed/ bridge courses/ back to school camps for mainstreaming out of school children and to achieve competencies appropriate for their age in a short period, residential camps/drop–in centres for street and slum children.
Schools set up in unserved habitations (with no schooling facilities within one Km) under the Education Guarantee scheme (EGS) component of the EGS & AIE Scheme to provide education to out of school children are termed as Alternative Schools. EGS schools in the States of Madhya Pradesh ,Orissa, Uttar Pradesh; Maavadi in Andhra Pradesh; Multi-grade learning centers in Kerala; Shishu Shiksha Karamsuchi Kendras in West Bengal; Contract schools in Maharashtra; Rajiv Gandhi Swarna Jayanti Pathshalas in Rajasthan are some of the examples of Alternative Schools.
Ashram Schools are residential schools located in sparsely populated areas to provide functional and liberal education to tribal boys and girls on the educational pattern of Gurukuls with free boarding and lodging facilities.
C.D. Block connotes ‘the Block under the community project administration’. In this survey the C.D. Block (not educational) is the lowest administrative and planning unit for organizations of field work and tabulation of data. In states where the scheme of the Community Development Blocks is not in vogue, the administrative sub-division of a district, like Tahsil/Taluk/Mandal or their equivalent will be the unit for the purpose of this survey.
Disability may be defined as “any restriction or lack of abilities to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being”. Persons having any of the disabilities, namely, visual, communication (hearing and/or speech) and locomotor, will be considered physically disabled.
Visual Impairment: A person having no light perception, or having light perception but not able to count the fingers of a hand correctly(using the glasses if ordinarily used) from a distance of 3 meters in good day light with both eyes open.
Hearing Impairment: A person, who can not hear at all, or could hear only loud sounds, or can hear only shouted words, or can hear only when the speaker is sitting in the front ,or usually asking to repeat the words spoken or would like to see the face of the speaker.
Orthopedic (Locomotor) Disability: Loss or lack of normal ability of an individual to move himself/herself and /or objects from one place to another.
Intellectual Impairments (Mental Retardation): A condition of arrested or incomplete development of mind of a person which is specially characterized by sub-normality of intelligence.
Multiple Impairment: Children with more than one disability will be classified under Multiple Impairment category
The distance between a habitation and a school is the convenient walking distance between the centre point of the habitation and the school.
The person appointed for the teaching in Alternative schools/AIE Centres on a fix enumeration are called Education Volunteers
The authority, which runs a school, determines its type of management. For the purpose of the survey the following managements
Government: A Government school is that which runs by the State Government or Central Government or Public Sector Undertaking or an Autonomous Organisation completely financed by the Government.
Local Body: A Local Body School is that which is run by Panchayati Raj and local body institution such as Zilla Parishad, Municipal Corporation. Municipal Committee, Notified Area Committee and Cantonment Board
Private Aided: A Private Aided School is that which run by an individual or a private organization and receives grant from government or local body.
Private Unaided: A private Unaided School is that which is managed by an individual or a private organization and does not receive any grant either from government or local body.
Medium of instruction is the language through which subjects other than languages taught.
Mother Tongue is the language spoken by the mother to the child in childhood. If the mother died in the infancy, the language mainly spoken in the child’s home will be the mother tongue.
Para-teachers are those full-time teachers who are working on fixed amount appointed under the scheme of para-teachers.
A recognized school is that in which the course(s) of study followed is/are prescribed or recognized by the Government (Central/State) or a University or a Board constituted by law or by any other agency authorised in this behalf by the Central or State Government and which satisfies one or more of the authorities e.g. Directorate of Education, Municipal Corporation/Committee, Board, etc., with regard to its standard of efficiency. It runs regular classes and sends candidates for public examination, if any.
Areas that are not urban shall be treated as rural.
(a) A habitation is a distinct cluster of houses existing in a compact and contiguous manner; with a local name; and its population should not be less than 25 in plain areas and not less than 10 in hilly/desert/sparsely populated areas. In case there exists more than one such cluster of houses in a village, they will not be treated as separate habitations unless the convenient walking distance between them is more than 200 metres.
(b) Any habitation with population less than 25 in plain areas or with population less than 10 in hilly/desert/sparsely populated areas may not be given a separated status of a ‘habitation’ and its population be included in the nearest habitation of the same village. But this conditions will not apply to a village with one habitation only.
(c) A village may have one or more than one habitation, except when it is a Deserted/Bechirag village
Pucca Building:A school building is to be treated as pucca if it has its walls and roof made of the following materials.
Wall Material:Burnt bricks, stones (duly packed with lime or cement), cement concrete or timber, ply wood, artificial wood of synthetic material an PVC.
Roof Materials:Tiles, G.I./metal/asbestos sheets, concrete, bricks, stone, timber plywood, artificial wood of synthetic material and PVC.
Partly Pucca Building:A school building is to be treated as partly pucca if it has its walls made of the above mentioned materials but roof is made of the materials other than those mentioned above such as bamboos, grass, thatch, etc
Kuchcha Building: School building, the walls and/or roof of which are made of material other than those mentioned above such as unburned bricks, bamboos, mud, grass, reeds, thatch, loosely backed stones is to be treated as kuchcha building.
School category will be determined as per state pattern on the basis of the highest class in a school. For example, in a state where classes I-V, VI-VIII, IX-X and XI – XII form primary, upper primary , secondary and higher secondary stages respectively , the category of the school will be decided as follows:-
A school having classes up to V will be termed as Primary School.
A school having highest class either VI, VII or VIII will be termed as Upper Primary School.
A school having highest class either IX or X will be termed as Secondary School.
A school having highest class either XI or XII will be termed as Higher Secondary School.
Combination of classes for different school stages differ from state to state. Various combination of classes of the school system constitute primary, upper primary ,secondary & higher secondary stages.
Generally in most of the states classes I-IV/I-IV constitute primary stage;
classes V- VII /VI- VII/VI-VIII constitute upper primary stage;
classes VIII-X/IX-X constitute secondary stage;
and classes XI-XII as higher secondary stage.
Some of the States and Union Territories have provision for junior colleges, independent Pre-University Classes (PUC), intermediate colleges and degrees colleges having the higher secondary classes. In this survey, these classes/colleges will be considered along with the higher secondary stage.
All students of a class are divided into groups for the convenience of teaching. Each group is called a Section. A class may have one or more than one Section. If there are more than one section in a class they are labeled as Section A, Section B, Section C and so on.
Boy’s School: Boy’s school is that in which boys are admitted to all classes and admission of girls is restricted to some specific classes.
Girls’ School: Girls’ school is that in which girls are admitted to all classes and admission of boys is restricted to some specific class
Co-educational School: Co-educational school is that in which both boys and girls are admitted to all classes in the school.
An unrecognized school is that which is not recognized but running regular classes on the pattern of recognized school. This does not include coaching centers.
All areas which were identified as “urban” at the time of the Census 2001 or subsequently notified to be so, are to be treated as urban.
Village refers to revenue village, which has definite surveyed boundaries. The revenue village may comprise several hamlets but the entire village will be treated as one unit for presentation of the data. In the unsurveyed areas like settlements within the forest areas, each habitation area with locally recognized boundaries within each forest range officer’s area will be treated as a separate village. A village with no population is to be termed as Bechirag or ‘deserted’ or ‘uninhabited’.